Triple Helix

Triple Helix

Triple Helix

Participation TUSUR in the Triple Helix formation

The Triple Helix theory was devised in Great Britain and Holland in the early XXI century by professor of Newcastle University Henry Etzkowitz and professor of the University of Amsterdam Loet Leydesdorff. The Triple Helix symbolizes a union between government, business and university, which are the key elements of innovative system in any country.

The Triple Helix model presents interaction of certain institutions at every stage of innovative product development. Government and university interact at the initial stage, i.e. conception of an idea. Thereafter university cooperates with business in technology transfer. Eventually, a final product is commercialized in the market by joint effort of government and business.

The role of university in the Triple Helix model is indisputable. Majority of countries nowadays are in transition to economy of knowledge, where competitiveness of a country is primarily defined by know-how and sophisticated technologies. Therefore, universities carrying out research and development become a paramount asset in science-intensive production.

TUSUR takes an active part in strengthening of cooperation between university, business and government in Russia. TUSUR has created an educational, scientific and innovative complex comprising science-intensive companies, research institutes, design offices, and laboratories of private companies established as university units. Annually, the university carries out research on request of innovative companies. In 2009 the volume of such orders amounted to 3 mln. USD. The same year private companies allocated 433 thousand USD to support student projects at the Business Incubator.

Cooperation of TUSUR and business is improving year after year, and scope of joint work is expanded. For instance, private companies invite students to undergo internships, finance research carried out by the university and suggest ideas for student projects. A venture fund will be established in the nearest future to provide support to start-ups. Owing to such university-business cooperation, TUSUR managed to ensure 19 times increase in funding of its research and development.

At present the Vice-Rector for Innovative Development and International Affairs Alexander Uvarov is in charge of activities aimed at enhancing cooperation between university, government and business. He initiated creation of the Institute of Innovation at TUSUR meant to coordinate activities of innovative infrastructure. Management of the Institute of Innovation regards formation of the Triple Helix as its strategic objective, and the Centre of Corporate Development is already taking steps to achieve it. In the long run it is planned to create a world-class innovative system by 2020. This self-developing system would allow starting hi-tech companies specializing in the most promising R&D areas.

«Triple Helix» publications by faculty and staff of TUSUR

1) V. V. Pudkova, A. F. Uvarov. (in Russian) // 7th Biennial International conference on University, Industry and Government Linkages.-7-19 June 2009.-Glasgow, UK.-p.48–50.


Innovative activities in the Tomsk region have increased multiple folds during the last seven years. This paper builds upon the analysis of the «The Innovative Cluster» of TUSUR, which is often referred to as one of the best innovative clusters in Siberia. The ground work to success in developing government, industry and university linkages within the cluster were set forth several years ago and resulted in a highly efficient internal activities between cluster elements.

While optimal value for the coherence factor reflecting top efficiency equals 2.5, calculated coherence factors for the TUSUR Innovative Cluster are as follows: financial resources — 1.5; material resources — 1.9; human resources — 2.5 and information resources — 2.6. This yielded the conclusion that Innovative cluster laid out as resulting in higher efficiency of «Triple Helix», is more probable to generate success in internal cluster activities.

2) P. N. Drobot, D. A. Drobot, N. G. Teterkina. (in Russian) // Materials of the International Conference «Development of Scientific and Technological Cooperation of Russian Scientific and Educational Centers with Fellow Researchers Working Overseas», 2–4 April 2010 (


The Triple Helix model is widespread in the modern science. It’s a model of innovative development based on interaction of universities, business and government. Every component of this model has its own characteristics and measurement parameters. The measurement parameters of U- and B-components separately are effectively measured by methods of descriptive statistics, but the analysis of their interaction is complicated. The interaction of G-component with other processes of the Triple Helix is defined on the basis of the analysis of the national and regional laws that influence on the development of the components. The means of mathematic allows investigating the components separately, but it doesn’t do for spheres in which the components are interacting. The using of analogies helps to the understand the consistent patterns of the Triple Helix model. In physics there is a phenomenon of the helical instability (oscillistor effect) of electron-hole plasma which is characterized by the similarity of form and qualitative analogy of the Triple Helix model. The helical instability is the development and amplification of spiral waves of density in plasma. There are similar principles of development of the helical instability and the Triple Helix model.

3) P. N. Drobot, D. A. Drobot, N. G. Teterkina. (in Russian) // Proceedings of the XIV Russian National Conference «Science and Education». — Tomsk, Russia, 19–23 April 2010.


The Triple Helix Model is a model of innovative development, based on close interaction of universities (U), business (B) and government (G). Scientists carry out research and publish R&D results, making references to each other’s papers, thus citation indices are compiled, and research material is accumulated. By this means the U-component is formed and strengthened. Universities play an essential role in this process, preparing conditions for the B-component to appear. Such conditions are provided when the number of publications, citation and co-citation indices in the relevant research field reaches the so-called threshold value. At this stage conditions for transition of accumulated knowledge to technology transfer area are provided, patents are obtained, and engineering start-ups and industrial enterprises are founded. The U-component is indispensable for the B-component to appear in the Triple Helix model. The G- and B-components can influence the U-component by defining tasks for researchers. The feedback does not reduce the role of universities, since such requests can be accepted by only sufficiently developed U-component. Feedback can be either positive or negative, but in any case, generation and accumulation of knowledge at universities is a primary phenomenon and universities play a dominant role both in the Triple Helix model and in development of economy of knowledge.

4) N. G. Teterkina, P. N. Drobot, D. A. Drobot. (in Russian) // Proceedings of the VI Russian National Science and Practice Conference «Innovation-2010». — Tomsk, Russia, 12–16 April 2010- pp. 305–310.


The Triple Helix Model is a model of innovative development, based on interaction of universities (U), business (B) and government (G). Each component of this model has its own measurement parameters. Parameters of the U- and B-components are effectively measured using descriptive statistics methods, however their interaction is difficult to analyze. Interaction of the G-component with other Triple Helix processes is regulated by federal and regional legislation. Components can be separately examined using mathematical means. However, such methods are inapplicable in the spheres where components interact with each other. Complicated interactions within the Triple Helix Model can be exemplified by means of various analogies. There is a phenomenon in semiconductor physics referred to as helical instability of electron-hole plasma (oscillistor effect), which is similar in form and quality to the Triple Helix Model. Mechanisms of development of the Triple Helix Model resemble those of the helical instability.